Values and the National Integration Question in Nigeria

  • Moses Terwase Torhemen
  • Abraham Esivue Akede
  • Basil Osayin Daudu
Keywords: values, national integration, diversity, identity, Nigeria


The integration of diverse ethnicities in Nigeria is a complex and critical endeavour that seeks to unify the nation's rich tapestry of cultures, languages, and histories. At the heart of this aspiration lies the role of values as foundational elements that transcend ethnic boundaries and foster a shared sense of identity. However, historical grievances and economic disparities stemming from resource allocation and political manipulation pose formidable challenges to ethnic integration. These obstacles hinder the formation of a cohesive national identity and fuel inter-ethnic conflicts, underscoring the importance of addressing deep-rooted issues for successful integration. This paper argues that there exists an intrinsic relationship between values and national integration in Nigeria and those values can serve as a unifying and cohesive factor amid ethnic diversity and the nation's heterogeneity. The paper also argues that, whether manifested through shared religious ethics, cultural norms emphasizing communal bonds or ethical principles that promote justice and respect, values play a pivotal role in bridging gaps and creating connections. The paper concludes that the apparent lack of integration and cohesion in Nigeria's values are both imperative and indispensable to the contemporary Nigerian state that is bedevilled with Ethno-religious crisis and conflict; therefore, values stand as a central pillar in the integration of ethnicities in Nigeria, offering a pathway to unity amidst diversity.