THE ORIGIN AND ROLE OF IDEAS IN KARL HEINRICH MARX: IMPLICATIONS OF MARX’S MATERIALIST IDEOLOGY FOR THE CONTEMPORARY HUMAN SOCIETY
In contrast with the opinion held by the idealist philosophers like Hegel that the physical universe is a mere manifestation of a hidden, spiritual or supra-sensible reality, the postidealist philosophers emphasized the primacy of the material or physical reality in the movement of history. Following Ludwig Feuerbach, Karl Marx maintained that reality is fundamentally material. For him, the complex material order, which consists of the factors of production and relations of production, is the basic reality. Marx’s materialist theory of the origin of ideas features a systematic connection of ideology with socio-economic factors as he insists that everything, including the mental realm, is a derivative of the material order. A number of philosophical inquiries and brain-storming border on Marx’s
materialist thoughts and culminate in the development of varying models and theories of ideology. In addition to examining these theories, this paper basically features a reassessment of Marx’s materialist ideology with a view to highlighting its practical implications and relevance for the contemporary human society.