PHILOSOPHY, SEPARATION OF POWER AND CONTEMPORARY POLITICS IN NIGERIA

  • Gregory Ebalu Ogbenika, PhD
Keywords: Philosophy, Separation of Power, Contemporary, Politics, Africa

Abstract

Philosophy as a discipline that is always concern about the ought of reality as a whole. As a second order discipline, it is pre-occupied with any field of endeavor. In this paper, we would like to examine the principle of separation of powers from a philosophical perspective considering the prevailing situation in Africa today, where there is an upsurge of an arm of government lording it over others using monetary and other instruments of coercion to make other arms mere puppets in playing their role in affairs of governance. It was Sir John Dalberg-Acton who once said that "powers tend to corrupt and absolute powers tend to corrupt more absolutely". To evolve effective control mechanism, man had been looking for devices to curtail the forces of tyranny and authoritarianism. Separation of powers was conceived to be one of such devices to curtail the excesses of any arm of Government. This does not seem to be the case with the news from many African States today. This paper, therefore, is aimed at reiterating the principles of separation of powers within the context of African contemporary politics, to avoid absolute power which can easily corrupt absolutely. This all-important democratic principle is more than ever before relevant in contemporary politics in Africa to ensure checks and balances. This will ensure checks and balances within our political system that limit the power of each branch in order to prevent the abuse of power.

Published
2021-04-05
Section
Articles